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Online Program Book

This is the most up-to-date schedule for the 2023 AAR Annual Meeting. If you have questions about the program, contact All times are listed in Central Standard Time.

This companion studies the Life and Legacy of Guru Hargobind (1590-1644), the sixth Guru of the Sikh tradition. It highlights the complex nature of Sikh society and culture in the historical and socio-economic context of Mughal India.

The book reconstructs the life of Guru Hargobind by exploring the ‘divine presence’ in history and memory. It addresses the questions of why and how militancy became explicit during Guru Hargobind’s spiritual reign, and examines the growth of the Sikh community's self-consciousness, separatism, and militancy as an integral part of the process of empowerment of the Sikh Panth.